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```XDrawArc(3)                     XLIB FUNCTIONS                     XDrawArc(3)

NAME
XDrawArc, XDrawArcs, XArc - draw arcs and arc structure

SYNTAX
int XDrawArc(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, int x, int y,
unsigned int width, unsigned int height, int angle1, int
angle2);

int XDrawArcs(Display *display, Drawable d, GC gc, XArc *arcs, int
narcs);

ARGUMENTS
angle1    Specifies the start of the arc relative to the three-o'clock
position from the center, in units of degrees * 64.

angle2    Specifies the path and extent of the arc relative to the
start of the arc, in units of degrees * 64.

arcs      Specifies an array of arcs.

d         Specifies the drawable.

display   Specifies the connection to the X server.

gc        Specifies the GC.

narcs     Specifies the number of arcs in the array.

width

height    Specify the width and height, which are the major and minor
axes of the arc.

x

y         Specify the x and y coordinates, which are relative to the
origin of the drawable and specify the upper-left corner of
the bounding rectangle.

DESCRIPTION
XDrawArc draws a single circular or elliptical arc, and XDrawArcs
draws multiple circular or elliptical arcs.  Each arc is specified by a
rectangle and two angles.  The center of the circle or ellipse is the
center of the rectangle, and the major and minor axes are specified by
the width and height.  Positive angles indicate counterclockwise
motion, and negative angles indicate clockwise motion.  If the
magnitude of angle2 is greater than 360 degrees, XDrawArc or XDrawArcs
truncates it to 360 degrees.

For an arc specified as [x, y, width, height, angle 1, angle 2], the
origin of the major and minor axes is at [x + (width/2), y +
(height/2)], and the infinitely thin path describing the entire circle
or ellipse intersects the horizontal axis at [x, y + (height/2)] and [x
+ width, y + (height/2)] and intersects the vertical axis at [x +
(width/2), y] and [x + (width/2), y + height].  These coordinates can
be fractional and so are not truncated to discrete coordinates.  The
path should be defined by the ideal mathematical path.  For a wide line
with line-width lw, the bounding outlines for filling are given by the
two infinitely thin paths consisting of all points whose perpendicular
distance from the path of the circle/ellipse is equal to lw/2 (which
may be a fractional value).  The cap-style and join-style are applied
the same as for a line corresponding to the tangent of the
circle/ellipse at the endpoint.

For an arc specified as [x, y, width, height, angle 1, angle 2], the
angles must be specified in the effectively skewed coordinate system of
the ellipse (for a circle, the angles and coordinate systems are
identical).  The relationship between these angles and angles expressed
in the normal coordinate system of the screen (as measured with a
protractor) is as follows:

skewed-angle = atan(tan (normal-angle) * width/height) + adjust

The skewed-angle and normal-angle are expressed in radians (rather than
in degrees scaled by 64) in the range [0, 2 <pi>] and where atan
returns a value in the range [- <pi>/2, <pi>/2] and adjust is:

%0%      for normal-angle in the range % [ 0 , ~pi over 2  ]%
%pi%     for normal-angle in the range % [ pi over 2 , ~{3 pi} over 2  ]%
%2 pi%   for normal-angle in the range % [ {3 pi} over 2 , ~2 pi  ]%

For any given arc, XDrawArc and XDrawArcs do not draw a pixel more than
once.  If two arcs join correctly and if the line-width is greater than
zero and the arcs intersect, XDrawArc and XDrawArcs do not draw a pixel
more than once.  Otherwise, the intersecting pixels of intersecting
arcs are drawn multiple times.  Specifying an arc with one endpoint and
a clockwise extent draws the same pixels as specifying the other
endpoint and an equivalent counterclockwise extent, except as it
affects joins.

If the last point in one arc coincides with the first point in the
following arc, the two arcs will join correctly.  If the first point in
the first arc coincides with the last point in the last arc, the two
arcs will join correctly.  By specifying one axis to be zero, a
horizontal or vertical line can be drawn.  Angles are computed based
solely on the coordinate system and ignore the aspect ratio.

Both functions use these GC components: function, plane-mask, line-
width, line-style, cap-style, join-style, fill-style, subwindow-mode,
clip-x-origin, clip-y-origin, and clip-mask.  They also use these GC
mode-dependent components: foreground, background, tile, stipple, tile-
stipple-x-origin, tile-stipple-y-origin, dash-offset, and dash-list.

errors.

STRUCTURES
The XArc structure contains:

typedef struct {
short x, y;
unsigned short width, height;
short angle1, angle2;             /* Degrees * 64 */
} XArc;

All x and y members are signed integers.  The width and height members
are 16-bit unsigned integers.  You should be careful not to generate
coordinates and sizes out of the 16-bit ranges, because the protocol
only has 16-bit fields for these values.

DIAGNOSTICS
A value for a Drawable argument does not name a defined
Window or Pixmap.

BadGC     A value for a GContext argument does not name a defined
GContext.

BadMatch  An InputOnly window is used as a Drawable.

BadMatch  Some argument or pair of arguments has the correct type and
range but fails to match in some other way required by the
request.