DragonFly On-Line Manual Pages
MORSE(1) Education MORSE(1)
morsec, QSO - Morse-code trainer and QSO generator for aspiring radio
morsec [-i] [-I] [-r] [-n num] [-R num] [-N num] [-C charset] [-w num]
[-f num] [-v num] [-g num] [-f num] [-e] [-c] [-b] [-a] [-l]
[-m] [-t] [-T] [-s] [-q] [-p num] [-E num] [-M num] [-d] [-A]
[-B] [-S] [-x num] [-X num] [word...]
The morsec program is a Morse-code trainer intended to help aspiring
radio hams pass the 5-word-per-minute Element 1 test. It can take test
text from a text file on standard input, or test words from its
command-line arguments, or generate random text (-r) or play back what
you type (-i).
A helper program, QSO, generates plausible QSOs that can be fed to the
standard input of morsec.
The following options control the behavior of morsec:
Play what you type.
Like -i but don't turn off keyboard echoing.
Generate random text. Starts out slanted towards easy letters, then
slants towards ones you get wrong.
Make words (groups) NUM characters long. Valid values are between 1
Set the total time (in minutes) to generate text.
-N NUM (default 0 means unlimited)
Set the total number of words (groups) to generate.
-C 'STRING' (default all available characters)
Select characters to send from this STRING only.
volume (zero to one, rather nonlinear)
alternate_frequency (toggles via control-G in input FILE at a word
leave off the <SK> sound at the end
complain about illegal characters instead of just ignoring them
print each word before doing it
print each word after doing it
print each letter just before doing it
print morse dots and dashes as they sound (this printing-intensive
option slows the wpm down!)
Type along with the morse, but don't see what you're typing (unless
you make a mistake). You are allowed to get ahead as much as you
want. If you get too far behind it will stop and resync with you.
You can force it to resync at the next word end by hitting
control-H. Hit ESC to see how you are doing, control-D to end. (The
rightmost space in the printout marks where the average is. Farther
left spaces separate off blocks of letters that are about twice as
probable as the average to occur, three times, etc.)
Like -t but see your characters (after they are played).
Stop after each character and make sure you get it right. (implies
Quietly resyncs with your input (after you make a mistake).
Make you get it right NUM times, for penance. (implies -s).
If your count of wrong answers minus right answers for a given
character exceeds this, the program will start prompting you. If
above the maximum error prompt it will never prompt (implies -t).
If you get more than this number of characters behind, pause until
you do your next letter. 1 behind is normal, 0 behind means never
pause. This option mplies -t.
Dynamically speed up or slow down depending on how you are doing.
(if also-s, then -d only speeds up!)
Add ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) signs to test set.
Add uncommon punctuation to test set.
Add uncommon prosigns to test set.
Set error volume. Error volume 0 means use console speaker.
Set frequency of error tone.
Here is the basic International Morse codest that the program will
train you in:
A .- N -. 1 .---- . .-.-.-
B -... O --- 2 ..--- , --..--
C -.-. P .--. 3 ...-- ? ..--..
D -.. Q --.- 4 ....- ( -.--.
E . R .-. 5 ..... - -....-
F ..-. S ... 6 -....
G --. T - 7 --...
H .... U ..- 8 ---..
I .. V ...- 9 ----.
J .--- W .-- 0 -----
K -.- X -..- / -..-.
L .-.. Y -.-- + .-.-.
M -- Z --.. = -...-
The following characters are included if one uses the -B option:
) -.--.- " .-..-. _ ..--.-
' .----. : ---... ; -.-.-.
$ ...-..- ! -.-.-- @ .--.-.
The following procedural signals (prosigns) are also included if one
<AR> "+" over, end of message
<AS> "*" please stand by (<AS> 5 Wait 5 Minutes) (".-...")
<BT> "=" (double dash) pause, break for text
CL going off the air (clear)
CQ calling any station
K go, invite any station to transmit
<KN> "(" go only, invite a specific station to transmit
R all received OK
<SK> "%" end of contact (sent before call) ("...-.-", known also as <VA>)
The following less-used prosigns are included if one uses the -S
<AA> "^" new line (".-.-", the same as :a, ae)
<BK> "#" invite receiving station to transmit ("-...-.-")
<KA> "&" attention ("-.-.-")
<SN> "~" understood ("...-.")
The following characters are included if one uses the -A option:
:a .-.- (also for ae, the same as <AA>)
`a .--.- (also oa, danish a with ring over it)
ch ---- (bar-ch ?, bar-h ?, ISO 8859-1 code 199 and 231 ?)
-d ..--. (eth, overstrike d with -, ISO 8859-1 code 208 and 240)
:o ---. (also for oe)
:u ..-- (also for ue)
]p .--.. (thorn, overstrike ] with p, ISO 8859-1 code 222 and 254)
paragraph .-.-.. (ISO 8859-1 code 167 ?)
For the raw beginner trying to learn morse code, we recommend the
1. Start learning the alphabet:
morsec -r -s -T -d -w 5 -F 15 -p 5 -E -10
2. Then drill drill drill:
morsec -r -s -T -d -w 5 -F 15 -p 5 -E 0
3. Real-time drill, with hints if you really need it:
morsec -r -T -d -w 5 -F 15 -M 2 -E 4
4. Simulated test:
QSO | morsec -e -T -d -w 5 -F 15
5. The dreaded random-letter test:
morsec -r -T -d -w 5 -F 15
6. Finally try for greater and greater speed:
morsec -r -T -d -w 13 -F 24
Joe Dellinger firstname.lastname@example.org.
Updated 2005 by Eric S. Raymond email@example.com.
Updated 2010 by Thomas Horsten firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other contributions by Jacek M. Holeczek and Marc Unangst.
morse 11/27/2012 MORSE(1)