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ALTER VIEW(7)           PostgreSQL 9.5.0 Documentation           ALTER VIEW(7)


ALTER_VIEW - change the definition of a view


ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name ALTER [ COLUMN ] column_name SET DEFAULT expression ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name ALTER [ COLUMN ] column_name DROP DEFAULT ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name OWNER TO { new_owner | CURRENT_USER | SESSION_USER } ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name RENAME TO new_name ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name SET SCHEMA new_schema ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name SET ( view_option_name [= view_option_value] [, ... ] ) ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name RESET ( view_option_name [, ... ] )


ALTER VIEW changes various auxiliary properties of a view. (If you want to modify the view's defining query, use CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW.) You must own the view to use ALTER VIEW. To change a view's schema, you must also have CREATE privilege on the new schema. To alter the owner, you must also be a direct or indirect member of the new owning role, and that role must have CREATE privilege on the view's schema. (These restrictions enforce that altering the owner doesn't do anything you couldn't do by dropping and recreating the view. However, a superuser can alter ownership of any view anyway.)


name The name (optionally schema-qualified) of an existing view. IF EXISTS Do not throw an error if the view does not exist. A notice is issued in this case. SET/DROP DEFAULT These forms set or remove the default value for a column. A view column's default value is substituted into any INSERT or UPDATE command whose target is the view, before applying any rules or triggers for the view. The view's default will therefore take precedence over any default values from underlying relations. new_owner The user name of the new owner of the view. new_name The new name for the view. new_schema The new schema for the view. SET ( view_option_name [= view_option_value] [, ... ] ) RESET ( view_option_name [, ... ] ) Sets or resets a view option. Currently supported options are: check_option (string) Changes the check option of the view. The value must be local or cascaded. security_barrier (boolean) Changes the security-barrier property of the view. The value must be Boolean value, such as true or false.


For historical reasons, ALTER TABLE can be used with views too; but the only variants of ALTER TABLE that are allowed with views are equivalent to the ones shown above.


To rename the view foo to bar: ALTER VIEW foo RENAME TO bar; To attach a default column value to an updatable view: CREATE TABLE base_table (id int, ts timestamptz); CREATE VIEW a_view AS SELECT * FROM base_table; ALTER VIEW a_view ALTER COLUMN ts SET DEFAULT now(); INSERT INTO base_table(id) VALUES(1); -- ts will receive a NULL INSERT INTO a_view(id) VALUES(2); -- ts will receive the current time


ALTER VIEW is a PostgreSQL extension of the SQL standard.



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