Aside from the disks you physically insert into your computer: floppies, CDs, hard drives, and so forth; other forms of disks are understood by DragonFly - the virtual disks.
These include network file systems such as the Network File System, memory-based file systems and file-backed file systems.
The utility vnconfig(8) configures and enables vnode pseudo-disk devices. A vnode is a representation of a file, and is the focus of file activity. This means that vnconfig(8) uses files to create and operate a file system. One possible use is the mounting of floppy or CD images kept in files.
To mount an existing file system image:
Example 12-4. Using vnconfig to Mount an Existing File System Image
# vnconfig vn0 diskimage # mount /dev/vn0c /mnt
To create a new file system image with vnconfig(8):
Example 12-5. Creating a New File-Backed Disk with vnconfig
# dd if=/dev/zero of=newimage bs=1k count=5k 5120+0 records in 5120+0 records out # vnconfig -s labels -c vn0 newimage # disklabel -r -w vn0 auto # newfs vn0c Warning: 2048 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated /dev/vn0c: 10240 sectors in 3 cylinders of 1 tracks, 4096 sectors 5.0MB in 1 cyl groups (16 c/g, 32.00MB/g, 1280 i/g) super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at: 32 # mount /dev/vn0c /mnt # df /mnt Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Avail Capacity Mounted on /dev/vn0c 4927 1 4532 0% /mnt
Simply take a file system you have prepared with, for example, vnconfig(8), and:
Example 12-6. md Memory Disk
# dd if=newimage of=/dev/md0 5120+0 records in 5120+0 records out # mount /dev/md0c /mnt # df /mnt Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Avail Capacity Mounted on /dev/md0c 4927 1 4532 0% /mnt
For more details, please refer to md(4) manual page.
When a memory-based or file-based file system is not used, you should release all resources to the system. The first thing to do is to unmount the file system, then use mdconfig(8) to detach the disk from the system and release the resources.
For example to detach and free all resources used by /dev/md4:
# mdconfig -d -u 4
It is possible to list information about configured md(4) devices in using the command mdconfig -l.
vnconfig(8) is used to detach the device. For example to detach and free all resources used by /dev/vn4:
# vnconfig -u vn4
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