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RTALLOC(9)	      DragonFly Kernel Developer's Manual	    RTALLOC(9)

NAME

rtalloc, rtalloc_ign, rtalloc1 -- look up a route in the kernel routing table

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> #include <net/route.h> void rtalloc(struct route *ro); void rtalloc_ign(struct route *ro, u_long flags); struct rtentry * rtalloc1(struct sockaddr *sa, int report, u_long flags);

DESCRIPTION

The kernel uses a radix tree structure to manage routes for the network- ing subsystem. The rtalloc() family of routines is used by protocols to query this structure for a route corresponding to a particular end-node address, and to cause certain protocol- and interface-specific actions to take place. When a route with the flag RTF_CLONING or RTF_PRCLONING is retrieved, and the action of those flags is not masked, the rtalloc facility automati- cally generates a new route using information in the old route as a tem- plate, and in the case of RTF_CLONING, sends an RTM_RESOLVE message to the appropriate interface-address route-management routine (ifa->ifa_rtrequest()). RTF_PRCLONING routes are assumed to be managed by the protocol family and no resolution requests are made, but all routes generated by the cloning process retain a reference to the route from which they were generated. If the RTF_XRESOLVE flag is set, then the RTM_RESOLVE message is sent instead on the route(4) socket interface, requesting that an external program resolve the address in question and modify the route appropriately. The default interface is rtalloc(). Its only argument is ro, a pointer to a ``struct route'', which is defined as follows: struct route { struct sockaddr ro_dst; struct rtentry *ro_rt; }; Thus, this function can only be used for address families which are smaller than the default ``struct sockaddr''. Before calling rtalloc() for the first time, callers should ensure that unused bits of the struc- ture are set to zero. On subsequent calls, rtalloc() returns without performing a lookup if ro->ro_rt is non-null and the RTF_UP flag is set in the route's rt_flags field. The rtalloc_ign() interface can be used when the default actions of rtalloc() in the presence of the RTF_CLONING and RTF_PRCLONING flags are undesired. The ro argument is the same as rtalloc(), but there is addi- tionally a flags argument, which lists the flags in the route which are to be ignored (ordinarily, one or both of RTF_CLONING or RTF_PRCLONING). The rtalloc1() function is the most general form of rtalloc() (and both of the other forms are implemented as calls to rtalloc1). It does not use the ``struct route'', and is therefore suitable for address families which require more space than is in a traditional ``struct sockaddr''. Instead, it takes a ``struct sockaddr *'' directly as the sa argument. The second argument, report, controls whether RTM_RESOLVE requests are sent to the lower layers when an RTF_CLONING or RTF_PRCLONING route is cloned. Ordinarily a value of one should be passed, except in the pro- cessing of those lower layers which use the cloning facility. The third argument, flags, is a set of flags to ignore, as in rtalloc_ign().

RETURN VALUES

The rtalloc() and rtalloc_ign() functions do not return a value. The rtalloc1() function returns a pointer to a routing-table entry if it suc- ceeds, otherwise a null pointer. Lack of a route should in most cases be translated to the errno(2) value EHOSTUNREACH.

SEE ALSO

route(4), rtentry(9)

HISTORY

The rtalloc facility first appeared in 4.2BSD, although with much differ- ent internals. The rtalloc_ign() function and the flags argument to rtalloc1() first appeared in FreeBSD 2.0.

AUTHORS

This manual page was written by Garrett Wollman, as were the changes to implement RTF_PRCLONING and the rtalloc_ign() function and the flags argument to rtalloc1(). DragonFly 3.9 October 8, 1996 DragonFly 3.9