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HASH(9) 	      DragonFly Kernel Developer's Manual	       HASH(9)

NAME

hash, hash32, hash32_buf, hash32_str, hash32_strn, hash32_stre, hash32_strne -- general kernel hashing functions

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/hash.h> uint32_t hash32_buf(const void *buf, size_t len, uint32_t hash); uint32_t hash32_str(const void *buf, uint32_t hash); uint32_t hash32_strn(const void *buf, size_t len, uint32_t hash); uint32_t hash32_stre(const void *buf, int end, const char **ep, uint32_t hash); uint32_t hash32_strne(const void *buf, size_t len, int end, const char **ep, uint32_t hash);

DESCRIPTION

The hash32() functions are used to give a consistent and general inter- face to a decent hashing algorithm within the kernel. These functions can be used to hash ASCII NUL terminated strings, as well as blocks of memory. The hash32_buf() function is used as a general buffer hashing function. The argument buf is used to pass in the location, and len is the length of the buffer. The argument hash is used to extend an existing hash, or is passed the initial value HASHINIT to start a new hash. The hash32_str() function is used to hash a NUL terminated string passed in buf with initial hash value given in hash. The hash32_strn() function is like the hash32_str() function, except it also takes a len argument, which is the maximal length of the expected string. The hash32_stre() and hash32_strne() functions are helper functions used by the kernel to hash pathname components. These functions have the additional termination condition of terminating when they find a charac- ter given by end in the string to be hashed. If the argument ep is not NULL, it is set to the point in the buffer at which the hash function terminated hashing.

RETURN VALUES

The hash32() functions return a 32 bit hash value of the buffer or string.

EXAMPLES

LIST_HEAD(head, cache) *hashtbl = NULL; u_long mask = 0; void sample_init(void) { hashtbl = hashinit(numwanted, type, flags, &mask); } void sample_use(char *str, int len) { uint32_t hash; hash = hash32_str(str, HASHINIT); hash = hash32_buf(&len, sizeof(len), hash); hashtbl[hash & mask] = len; }

SEE ALSO

hashinit(9), kfree(9), kmalloc(9)

LIMITATIONS

The hash32() functions are only 32 bit functions. They will prove to give poor 64 bit performance, especially for the top 32 bits. At the current time, this is not seen as a great limitation, as these hash val- ues are usually used to index into an array. Should these hash values be used for other means, this limitation should be revisited.

HISTORY

The hash functions were first committed to NetBSD 1.6. The OpenBSD ver- sions were written and massaged for OpenBSD 2.3 by Tobias Weingartner, and finally committed for OpenBSD 3.2. DragonFly 4.1 June 6, 2012 DragonFly 4.1