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TUNEFS(8)	       DragonFly System Manager's Manual	     TUNEFS(8)

NAME

tunefs -- tune up an existing UFS filesystem

SYNOPSIS

tunefs [-Ap] [-a maxcontig] [-d rotdelay] [-e maxbpg] [-f avgfilesize] [-m minfree] [-n enable | disable] [-o space | time] [-s avgfpdir] {special | filesystem}

DESCRIPTION

Tunefs is designed to change the dynamic parameters of a filesystem which affect the layout policies. The parameters which are to be changed are indicated by the flags given below: -A The filesystem has several backups of the super-block. Specify- ing this option will cause all backups to be modified as well as the primary super-block. This is potentially dangerous - use with caution. -a maxcontig Specify the maximum number of contiguous blocks that will be laid out before forcing a rotational delay (see -d below). The default value is one, since most device drivers require an inter- rupt per disk transfer. Device drivers that can chain several buffers together in a single transfer should set this to the max- imum chain length. -d rotdelay Specify the expected time (in milliseconds) to service a transfer completion interrupt and initiate a new transfer on the same disk. It is used to decide how much rotational spacing to place between successive blocks in a file. -e maxbpg Indicate the maximum number of blocks any single file can allo- cate out of a cylinder group before it is forced to begin allo- cating blocks from another cylinder group. Typically this value is set to about one quarter of the total blocks in a cylinder group. The intent is to prevent any single file from using up all the blocks in a single cylinder group, thus degrading access times for all files subsequently allocated in that cylinder group. The effect of this limit is to cause big files to do long seeks more frequently than if they were allowed to allocate all the blocks in a cylinder group before seeking elsewhere. For filesystems with exclusively large files, this parameter should be set higher. -f avgfilezsize Specify the expected average file size. -m minfree Specify the percentage of space held back from normal users; the minimum free space threshold. The default value used is 8%. This value can be set to zero, however up to a factor of three in throughput will be lost over the performance obtained at a 10% threshold. Settings of 5% and less force space optimization to always be used which will greatly increase the overhead for file writes. Note that if the value is raised above the current usage level, users will be unable to allocate files until enough files have been deleted to get under the higher threshold. -n enable | disable Turn on/off soft updates. -o space | time The filesystem can either try to minimize the time spent allocat- ing blocks, or it can attempt to minimize the space fragmentation on the disk. Optimization for space has much higher overhead for file writes. The kernel normally changes the preference automat- ically as the percent fragmentation changes on the filesystem. -p Show a summary of what the current tunable settings are on the selected filesystem. More detailed information can be obtained in the dumpfs(8) manual page. -s avgfpdir Specify the expected number of files per directory.

FILES

/etc/fstab read this to determine the device file for a specified mount point.

SEE ALSO

fs(5), UFS(5), dumpfs(8), newfs(8) M. McKusick, W. Joy, S. Leffler, and R. Fabry, "A Fast File System for UNIX", ACM Transactions on Computer Systems 2, 3, pp 181-197, August 1984, (reprinted in the BSD System Manager's Manual, SMM:5).

HISTORY

The tunefs command appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS

This program should work on mounted and active filesystems. Because the super-block is not kept in the buffer cache, the changes will only take effect if the program is run on dismounted filesystems. To change the root filesystem, the system must be rebooted after the filesystem is tuned. You can tune a filesystem, but you can't tune a fish. DragonFly 3.9 December 11, 1993 DragonFly 3.9