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PKG(8)		       DragonFly System Manager's Manual		PKG(8)

NAME

pkg, pkg-static -- a utility for manipulating packages

SYNOPSIS

pkg [-v] [-d] [-l] [-N] [-c <chroot path>] [-C <configuration file>] [-R <repository configuration directory>] <command> <flags>

DESCRIPTION

provides an interface for manipulating packages - registering, adding, removing and upgrading of packages. pkg-static is a statically linked variant of pkg typically only used for the initial installation of pkg. There are some differences in functionality. See pkg.conf(5) for details.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported by pkg: -v Displays the current version of pkg -d Show debug information -l List all the available command names, and exit without performing any other action. The -v option takes precedence over -l but -l will override any other command line arguments. -N Activation status check mode. Prevent pkg from automatically creating or initializing the sqlite database in /var/db/pkg/local.sqlite if it does not already exist. Prevent pkg from performing any actions if no packages are cur- rently installed, on the basis that a correctly initialised sys- tem using pkg will always have at least the pkg package itself registered. If used without any other arguments, pkg -N will run the sanity tests and if successful print out a short message showing how many packages are currently installed. The exit status should be a reliable indication of whether a system is configured to use pkg as its package management system or not. Example usage: if pkg -N >/dev/null 2>&1; then # pkgng-specifics else # pkg_install-specifics fi The -N flag was first released in the /usr/sbin/pkg bootstrapper in FreeBSD 8.4, but was missing from FreeBSD 9.1. It was not released in pkg until 1.0.13. Because of this, it may not be enough to just call pkg -N, as the bootstrapper may be invoked, or an error returned from pkg. The following script is the safest way to detect if pkg is installed and activated: if TMPDIR=/dev/null ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES=1 \ PACKAGESITE=file:///nonexistent \ pkg info -x 'pkg(-devel)?$' >/dev/null 2>&1; then # pkgng-specifics else # pkg_install-specifics fi -c <chroot path> pkg will chroot in the <chroot path> Environment -C <configuration file> pkg will use the specified file as a configuration file -R <repository configuration directory> pkg will search the directory for per-repository configuration files. This overrides any value of REPOS_DIR specified in the main configuration file.

COMMANDS

The following commands are supported by pkg: help command Display usage information of the specified command. add Install a package from either a local source or a remote one. When installing from remote source you need to specify the proto- col to use when fetching the package. Currently supported protocols are FTP, HTTP and HTTPS. annotate Add, modify or delete tag-value style annotations on packages. audit Audits installed packages against known vulnerabilities. autoremove Delete packages which were automatically installed as dependen- cies and are not required any more. backup Dump the local package database to a file specified on the com- mand-line. bootstrap This is for compatibility with the pkg(7) bootstrapper. If pkg is already installed, nothing is done. If invoked with the -f flag an attempt will be made to reinstall pkg from remote repository. This is not supported on FreeBSD 8.3 as it did not have pkg(7). check Sanity checks installed packages. clean Cleans the local cache of fetched remote packages. convert Convert to and from the old pkg_add(1) format. create Create a package delete Delete a package from the database and the system. fetch Fetches packages from a remote repository. info Display information about installed packages. install Install a package from a remote package repository. If a package is found in more than one remote repository, then installation happens from the first one. Downloading a package is tried from each package repository in turn, until the package is success- fully fetched. lock Prevent modification or deletion of a package. plugins List the available plugins. query Query information about installed packages. register Register a package in the database. repo Create a local package repository for remote usage. rquery Query information for remote repositories. search Search for the given pattern in the remote package repositories. set Modify information in the installed database. shell Fires up a sqlite shell to the local or remote database. Extreme care should be taken when using this command. shlib Displays which packages link to a specific shared library. stats Display package database statistics. unlock Unlocks packages, allowing them to be modified or deleted update Update the available remote repositories as listed in pkg.conf(5). updating Displays UPDATING entries of installed packages. upgrade Upgrade a package to a newer version. version Summarize installed versions of packages. which Query the database for package(s) that installed a specific file.

ENVIRONMENT

The list of environment variables that affect the execution of pkg is in pkg.conf(5).

FILES

See pkg.conf(5).

EXAMPLES

Search for a package: $ pkg search perl Install a package: Installing must specify a unique origin or version otherwise it will try installing all matches. % pkg install perl-5.14 List installed packages: $ pkg info Upgrade from remote repository: % pkg upgrade Change the origin for an installed package: % pkg set -o lang/perl5.12:lang/perl5.14 % pkg install -Rf lang/perl5.14 List non-automatic packages: $ pkg query -e '%a = 0' %o List automatic packages: $ pkg query -e '%a = 1' %o Delete an installed package: % pkg delete perl-5.14 Remove unneeded dependencies: % pkg autoremove Change a package from automatic to non-automatic, which will prevent autoremove from removing it: % pkg set -A 0 perl-5.14 Change a package from non-automatic to automatic, which will make autoremove allow it be removed once nothing depends on it: % pkg set -A 1 perl-5.14 Create package file from an installed package: % pkg create -o /usr/ports/packages/All perl-5.14 Determine which package installed a file: $ pkg which /usr/local/bin/perl Audit installed packages for security advisories: $ pkg audit Check installed packages for checksum mismatches: # pkg check -s -a Check for missing dependencies: # pkg check -d -a

SEE ALSO

SBUF(9), elf(3), fetch(3), libarchive(3), pkg.conf(5), pkg-add(8), pkg-annotate(8), pkg-audit(8), pkg-autoremove(8), pkg-backup(8), pkg-check(8), pkg-clean(8), pkg-config(8), pkg-convert(8), pkg-create(8), pkg-delete(8), pkg-fetch(8), pkg-info(8), pkg-install(8), pkg-lock(8), pkg-query(8), pkg-register(8), pkg-repo(8), pkg-rquery(8), pkg-search(8), pkg-set(8), pkg-shell(8), pkg-shlib(8), pkg-stats(8), pkg-update(8), pkg-updating(8), pkg-upgrade(8), pkg-version(8), pkg-which(8) To build your own package set for one or multiple servers see ports-mgmt/poudriere

HISTORY

The pkg command first appeared in FreeBSD 9.1.

AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS

Baptiste Daroussin <bapt@FreeBSD.org> Julien Laffaye <jlaffaye@FreeBSD.org> Philippe Pepiot <phil@philpep.org> Will Andrews <will@FreeBSD.org> Marin Atanasov Nikolov <dnaeon@gmail.com> Yuri Pankov <yuri.pankov@gmail.com> Alberto Villa <avilla@FreeBSD.org> Brad Davis <brd@FreeBSD.org> Matthew Seaman <matthew@FreeBSD.org> Bryan Drewery <bryan@shatow.net> Eitan Adler <eadler@FreeBSD.org> Romain Tarti`ere <romain@FreeBSD.org> Vsevolod Stakhov <vsevolod@FreeBSD.org> Alexandre Perrin <alexandre.perrin@netoxygen.ch>

BUGS

See the issue tracker at https://github.com/freebsd/pkg/issues Please direct questions and issues to the pkg@FreeBSD.org mailing list. DragonFly 3.7 February 1, 2014 DragonFly 3.7