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NEWGRP(1)	       DragonFly General Commands Manual	     NEWGRP(1)

NAME

newgrp -- change to a new group

SYNOPSIS

newgrp [-l] [group]

DESCRIPTION

The newgrp utility creates a new shell execution environment with modi- fied real and effective group IDs. The options are as follows: -l Simulate a full login. The environment and umask are set to what would be expected if the user actually logged in again. If the group operand is present, a new shell is started with the speci- fied effective and real group IDs. The user will be prompted for a pass- word if they are not a member of the specified group. Otherwise, the real, effective and supplementary group IDs are restored to those from the current user's password database entry.

DIAGNOSTICS

The newgrp utility attempts to start the shell regardless of whether group IDs were successfully changed. If an error occurs and the shell cannot be started, newgrp exits >0. Otherwise, the exit status of newgrp is the exit status of the shell.

SEE ALSO

csh(1), groups(1), login(1), sh(1), su(1), umask(1), group(5), passwd(5), environ(7)

STANDARDS

The newgrp utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY

A newgrp utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

BUGS

For security reasons, the newgrp utility is normally installed without the setuid bit. To enable it, run the following command: chmod u+s /usr/bin/newgrp Group passwords are inherently insecure as there is no way to stop users obtaining the password hash from the group database. Their use is dis- couraged. Instead, users should simply be added to the necessary groups. DragonFly 3.9 November 24, 2013 DragonFly 3.9