DragonFly On-Line Manual Pages


LAST(1) 	       DragonFly General Commands Manual	       LAST(1)

NAME

last -- indicate last logins of users and ttys

SYNOPSIS

last [-n] [-T] [-f file] [-h host] [-t tty] [-L linesize] [-N namesize] [-H hostsize] [user ...]

DESCRIPTION

last will list the sessions of specified users, ttys, and hosts, in reverse time order. Each line of output contains the user name, the tty from which the session was conducted, any hostname, the start and stop times for the session, and the duration of the session. If the session is still continuing or was cut short by a crash or shutdown, last will so indicate. -f file last reads the file file instead of the default, /var/log/wtmpx or /var/log/wtmp. If the file ends with `x', it is treated as a utmpx(5) format file, else it is treated as a utmp(5) format file. -n Limits the report to n lines. -t tty Specify the tty. Tty names may be given fully or abbrevi- ated, for example, ``last -t 03'' is equivalent to ``last -t tty03''. -h host Host names may be names or internet numbers. -T Display better time information, including the year and sec- onds. -L linesize Use the provided linesize as the width to format the tty field. -N namesize Use the provided namesize as the width to format the login name field. -H hostsize Use the provided hostsize as the width to format the host name field. If multiple arguments are given, the information which applies to any of the arguments is printed, e.g., ``last root -t console'' would list all of ``root's'' sessions as well as all sessions on the console terminal. If no users, hostnames or terminals are specified, last prints a record of all logins and logouts. The pseudo-user reboot logs in at reboots of the system, thus ``last reboot'' will give an indication of mean time between reboot. If last is interrupted, it indicates to what date the search has pro- gressed. If interrupted with a quit signal last indicates how far the search has progressed and then continues.

FILES

/var/log/wtmpx login data base /var/log/wtmp login data base

SEE ALSO

lastcomm(1), utmpx(5), utmp(5), ac(8)

HISTORY

last appeared in 3.0BSD. DragonFly 4.1 June 6, 1993 DragonFly 4.1