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CIPHER(3)	      DragonFly Library Functions Manual	     CIPHER(3)

NAME

setkey, encrypt, des_setkey, des_cipher -- DES encryption

LIBRARY

FreeSec Crypt Library (libcipher, -lcipher)

SYNOPSIS

#include <unistd.h> int setkey(const char *key); int encrypt(char *block, int flag); int des_setkey(const char *key); int des_cipher(const char *in, char *out, long salt, int count);

DESCRIPTION

The functions, encrypt(), setkey(), des_setkey() and des_cipher() provide access to the DES algorithm. setkey() is passed a 64-byte array of binary values (numeric 0 or 1). A 56-bit key is extracted from this array by dividing the array into groups of 8, and ignoring the last bit in each group. That bit is reserved for a byte parity check by DES, but is ignored by these functions. The block argument to encrypt() is also a 64-byte array of binary values. If the value of flag is 0, block is encrypted otherwise it is decrypted. The result is returned in the original array block after using the key specified by setkey() to process it. The argument to des_setkey() is a character array of length 8. The least significant bit (the parity bit) in each character is ignored, and the remaining bits are concatenated to form a 56-bit key. The function des_cipher() encrypts (or decrypts if count is negative) the 64-bits stored in the 8 characters at in using abs(3) of count iterations of DES and stores the 64-bit result in the 8 characters at out (which may be the same as in). The salt introduces disorder in the DES algorithm in one of 16777216 or 4096 possible ways (ie. with 24 or 12 bits: if bit i of the salt is set, then bits i and i+24 are swapped in the DES E-box output). The functions setkey(), encrypt(), des_setkey(), and des_cipher() return 0 on success and 1 on failure. The setkey() and des_setkey() functions manipulate the same key space.

SEE ALSO

login(1), passwd(1), crypt(3), getpass(3), passwd(5)

HISTORY

This library (FreeSec 1.0) was developed outside the United States of America as an unencumbered replacement for the U.S.-only NetBSD libcrypt encryption library. Users should be aware that this code (and programs staticly linked with it) may not be exported from the U.S., although it apparently can be imported.

AUTHORS

David Burren <davidb@werj.com.au> DragonFly 3.9 March 9, 1994 DragonFly 3.9