DragonFly On-Line Manual Pages
CHGRP(1) DragonFly General Commands Manual CHGRP(1)
chgrp -- change group
chgrp [-fhvR] group file ...
chgrp [-fv] [-R [-H | -L | -P]] group file ...
The chgrp utility sets the group ID of the file named by each file oper-
and to the group ID specified by the group operand.
The following options are available:
-H If the -R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line
are followed. (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal
are not followed).
-L If the -R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed.
-P If the -R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed.
This is the default.
-R Recursively change file group IDs. For each file operand that
names a directory, chgrp shall change the group of the directory
and all files in the file hierarchy below it.
-f The force option ignores errors, except for usage errors and
doesn't query about strange modes (unless the user does not have
-h If the file is a symbolic link, the group ID of the link itself
is changed rather than the file that is pointed to.
-v Cause chgrp to be verbose, showing files as the group is modi-
The -H, -L and -P options are ignored unless the -R option is specified.
In addition, these options override each other and the command's actions
are determined by the last one specified.
The group operand can be either a group name from the group database, or
a numeric group ID. If a group name is also a numeric group ID, the op-
erand is used as a group name.
The user invoking chgrp must belong to the specified group and be the
owner of the file, or be the super-user.
/etc/group group ID file
The chgrp utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
In previous versions of this system, symbolic links did not have groups.
The -f and -v options are extensions to the standard.
chown(2), fts(3), group(5), passwd(5), symlink(7), chown(8)
The chgrp utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') and IEEE Std
DragonFly 3.7 March 31, 1994 DragonFly 3.7