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CAM(3)		      DragonFly Library Functions Manual		CAM(3)

NAME

cam_open_device, cam_open_spec_device, cam_open_btl, cam_open_pass, cam_close_device, cam_close_spec_device, cam_getccb, cam_send_ccb, cam_freeccb, cam_path_string, cam_device_dup, cam_device_copy, cam_get_device -- CAM user library

LIBRARY

Common Access Method User Library (libcam, -lcam)

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h> #include <camlib.h> struct cam_device * cam_open_device(const char *path, int flags); struct cam_device * cam_open_spec_device(const char *dev_name, int unit, int flags, struct cam_device *device); struct cam_device * cam_open_btl(path_id_t path_id, target_id_t target_id, lun_id_t target_lun, int flags, struct cam_device *device); struct cam_device * cam_open_pass(const char *path, int flags, struct cam_device *device); void cam_close_device(struct cam_device *dev); void cam_close_spec_device(struct cam_device *dev); union ccb * cam_getccb(struct cam_device *dev); int cam_send_ccb(struct cam_device *device, union ccb *ccb); void cam_freeccb(union ccb *ccb); char * cam_path_string(struct cam_device *dev, char *str, int len); struct cam_device * cam_device_dup(struct cam_device *device); void cam_device_copy(struct cam_device *src, struct cam_device *dst); int cam_get_device(const char *path, char *dev_name, int devnamelen, int *unit);

DESCRIPTION

The CAM library consists of a number of functions designed to aid in pro- gramming with the CAM subsystem. This man page covers the basic set of library functions. More functions are documented in the man pages listed below. Many of the CAM library functions use the cam_device structure: struct cam_device { char device_path[MAXPATHLEN+1];/* * Pathname of the * device given by the * user. This may be * null if the user * states the device * name and unit number * separately. */ char given_dev_name[DEV_IDLEN+1];/* * Device name given by * the user. */ u_int32_t given_unit_number; /* * Unit number given by * the user. */ char device_name[DEV_IDLEN+1];/* * Name of the device, * e.g. 'pass' */ u_int32_t dev_unit_num; /* Unit number of the passthrough * device associated with this * particular device. */ char sim_name[SIM_IDLEN+1];/* * Controller name, e.g.'ahc' */ u_int32_t sim_unit_number; /* Controller unit number */ u_int32_t bus_id; /* Controller bus number */ lun_id_t target_lun; /* Logical Unit Number */ target_id_t target_id; /* Target ID */ path_id_t path_id; /* System SCSI bus number */ u_int16_t pd_type; /* type of peripheral device */ struct scsi_inquiry_data inq_data; /* SCSI Inquiry data */ u_int8_t serial_num[252]; /* device serial number */ u_int8_t serial_num_len; /* length of the serial number */ u_int8_t sync_period; /* Negotiated sync period */ u_int8_t sync_offset; /* Negotiated sync offset */ u_int8_t bus_width; /* Negotiated bus width */ int fd; /* file descriptor for device */ }; cam_open_device() takes as arguments a string describing the device it is to open, and flags suitable for passing to open(2). The "path" passed in may actually be most any type of string that contains a device name and unit number to be opened. The string will be parsed by cam_get_device() into a device name and unit number. Once the device name and unit number are determined, a lookup is performed to determine the passthrough device that corresponds to the given device. cam_open_device() is rather simple to use, but it isn't really suitable for general use because its behavior isn't necessarily deterministic. Programmers writing new applications should make the extra effort to use one of the other open routines docu- mented below. cam_open_spec_device() opens the pass(4) device that corresponds to the device name and unit number passed in. The flags should be flags suit- able for passing to open(2). The device argument is optional. The user may supply pre-allocated space for the cam_device structure. If the device argument is NULL, cam_open_spec_device() will allocate space for the cam_device structure using malloc(3). cam_open_btl() is similar to cam_open_spec_device(), except that it takes a SCSI bus, target and logical unit instead of a device name and unit number as arguments. The path_id argument is the CAM equivalent of a SCSI bus number. It represents the logical bus number in the system. The flags should be flags suitable for passing to open(2). As with cam_open_spec_device(), the device argument is optional. cam_open_pass() takes as an argument the path of a pass(4) device to open. No translation or lookup is performed, so the path passed in must be that of a CAM pass(4) device. The flags should be flags suitable for passing to open(2). The device argument, as with cam_open_spec_device() and cam_open_btl(), should be NULL if the user wants the CAM library to allocate space for the cam_device structure. cam_close_device() frees the cam_device structure allocated by one of the above open() calls, and closes the file descriptor to the passthrough device. This routine should not be called if the user allocated space for the cam_device structure. Instead, the user should call cam_close_spec_device(). cam_close_spec_device() merely closes the file descriptor opened in one of the open() routines described above. This function should be called when the cam_device structure was allocated by the caller, rather than the CAM library. cam_getccb() allocates a CCB using malloc(3) and sets fields in the CCB header using values from the cam_device structure. cam_send_ccb() sends the given ccb to the device described in the cam_device structure. cam_freeccb() frees CCBs allocated by cam_getccb(). cam_path_string() takes as arguments a cam_device structure, and a string with length len. It creates a colon-terminated printing prefix string similar to the ones used by the kernel. e.g.: "(cd0:ahc1:0:4:0): ". cam_path_string() will place at most len-1 characters into str. The len'th character will be the terminating `\0'. cam_device_dup() operates in a fashion similar to strdup(3). It allo- cates space for a cam_device structure and copies the contents of the passed-in device structure to the newly allocated structure. cam_device_copy() copies the src structure to dst. cam_get_device() takes a path argument containing a string with a device name followed by a unit number. It then breaks the string down into a device name and unit number, and passes them back in dev_name and unit, respectively. cam_get_device() can handle strings of the following forms, at least: /dev/foo0a /dev/foo1s2c foo0 foo0a nfoo0 cam_get_device() is provided as a convenience function for applications that need to provide functionality similar to cam_open_device(). Pro- grammers are encouraged to use more deterministic methods of obtaining device names and unit numbers if possible.

RETURN VALUES

cam_open_device(), cam_open_spec_device(), cam_open_btl(), and cam_open_pass() return a pointer to a cam_device structure, or NULL if there was an error. cam_getccb() returns an allocated and partially initialized CCB, or NULL if allocation of the CCB failed. cam_send_ccb() returns a value of -1 if an error occurred, and errno is set to indicate the error. cam_path_string() returns a filled printing prefix string as a conve- nience. This is the same str that is passed into cam_path_string(). cam_device_dup() returns a copy of the device passed in, or NULL if an error occurred. cam_get_device() returns 0 for success, and -1 to indicate failure. If an error is returned from one of the base CAM library functions described here, the reason for the error is generally printed in the global string cam_errbuf which is CAM_ERRBUF_SIZE characters long.

SEE ALSO

cam_cdbparse(3), pass(4), camcontrol(8)

HISTORY

The CAM library first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.

AUTHORS

Kenneth Merry <ken@FreeBSD.org>

BUGS

cam_open_device() doesn't check to see if the path passed in is a symlink to something. It also doesn't check to see if the path passed in is an actual pass(4) device. The former would be rather easy to implement, but the latter would require a definitive way to identify a device node as a pass(4) device. Some of the functions are possibly mis-named or poorly named. DragonFly 4.1 October 10, 1998 DragonFly 4.1