DragonFly On-Line Manual Pages


ADDING_USER(8)	       DragonFly System Manager's Manual	ADDING_USER(8)

NAME

adding_user -- procedure for adding new users

DESCRIPTION

A new user must choose a login name, which must not already appear in /etc/passwd or /etc/mail/aliases. It must also not begin with the hyphen `-' character. It is strongly recommended that it be all lower-case, and not contain the dot `.' character, as that tends to confuse mailers. An account can be added by editing a line into the passwd file; this must be done with the password file locked e.g. by using chpass(1) or vipw(8). A new user is given a group and user id. Login and user id's should be unique across the system, and often across a group of systems, since they are used to control file access. Typically, users working on similar projects will be put in the same groups. At the University of Califor- nia, Berkeley, we have groups for system staff, faculty, graduate stu- dents, and special groups for large projects. A skeletal account for a new user ``ernie'' might look like: ernie::25:30::0:0:Ernie Kovacs,508 Evans Hall,x7925, 642-8202:/a/users/ernie:/bin/csh For a description of each of these fields, see passwd(5). It is useful to give new users some help in getting started, supplying them with a few skeletal files such as .profile if they use /bin/sh, or .cshrc and .login if they use /bin/csh. The directory /usr/share/skel contains skeletal definitions of such files. New users should be given copies of these files which, for instance, use tset(1) automatically at each login.

FILES

/etc/master.passwd user database /usr/share/skel skeletal login directory

SEE ALSO

chpass(1), finger(1), passwd(1), aliases(5), passwd(5), adduser(8), pwd_mkdb(8), vipw(8)

HISTORY

The adding_user procedure appeared in 3.0BSD.

BUGS

User information should (and eventually will) be stored elsewhere. DragonFly 3.9 June 5, 1993 DragonFly 3.9